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Refrigerate naturally with CO2

The core activity of IVL is the delivery and maintenance of refrigeration equipment for the agricultural sector. By investing in new technologies IVL has the chance to increase market share in the Netherlands and to strengthen its export position. Within the fruit sector prolonging the preservation of fruits is crucial. Fruit storage must have a finely regulated temperature and humidity control, which is produce specific, and precise temperature distribution and moisture levels must be achieved. The operation of the refrigeration system, which is to large extent determined by the choice of refrigerants, is extremely critical. How long or short the fruit can be stored has major economic consequences for the company. 

Innovation Advantage 

IVL Commercial Refrigeration remains innovative by developing more cooling technology expertise in relation to product quality. New resources such as CO2 offer the opportunity for improved heat transfer thus providing a more even dehumidification. This makes the cell more controllable. 


"Better quality with a longer storage time and sales period with HFC-free refrigeration." Better quality with a longer storage time has positive effects on economic outcomes for growers. With this advantage IVL distinguishes itself in the market. 

What has been developed? 

Within the framework of HFC-free refrigeration systems an installation has been designed for the preservation of fruit, in a one-to-one arrangement (for example, a cooling installation for one cold room). For this application, the choice was made for a trans-critical CO2 DX refrigeration installation. 


The installation was developed in cooperation with and installed by Peters Brothers in The Netherlands. Peters Brothers replaced an existing R22 refrigeration installation in 2014 with an installation based on the R134A. One cold storage room is kept free to experiment with the new CO2 refrigeration installation. 

When storing fruit it is important that they can be chilled rapidly therefore a relatively high cooling capacity is required. Due to moisture loss of the produce in the storage period, quick cooling methods are necessary, wherein a time delay (a constant cooling effect after switching off (closing the liquid supply)) is undesirable. A uniform temperature distribution in the cell is of great importance. 


IVL has extensive experience working with the natural refrigerant NH3. Through the work on this project much knowledge and experience has been gained about the natural refrigerant CO2. An additional advantage gained through the utilization of the ejector is the collaboration with Count Bort Cooling and Climate Control. This is a technique that could not have been achieved without this cooperation. This is an ongoing association for the use of an ejector in future projects. 

From the first tests with this ejector it appears that: 

  • CO2 trans-critical systems can be significantly simplified
  • The efficiency (COP) can be improved significantly, + 30% for systems with 1 gear
  • Freezing systems are possible in 1 gear; so there are no expensive booster systems needed For further information contact IVL: +31 343 561 595 or email info@ivl.nl. With this value-added knowledge and experience, an informed assessment of future applications regarding the use of natural refrigerants can be made. The use of natural refrigerants with respect to HFCs provides an environmental benefit in the form of a reduction in emissions.

Booster System for GEPU, Utrecht

The wholesaler GEPU in Utrecht decided in 2015 that the existing refrigeration systems with refrigerant R-22 should be replaced with one central refrigeration / freezer unit, commonly known as a booster system with refrigerant R-407F.

The interconnected system consists of 34 refrigeration units, 1 refrigerator / freezer cell and room cooling. Electronic valves manufactured by AdapKool control all cooling units. The laid-out booster system can fully monitor locally and remotely.

The refrigeration management has been outsourced to the service department of IVL. The big advantage is that we, as the system installer, can anticipate changes in the refrigeration system faster and better. This gives GEPU peace of mind so that they can concentrate on other areas of their business.

GEPU is one of the few independent wholesalers in the Utrecht region for food professionals. They offer a total food and non-food package of at least 20,000 items. At their store, professionals can shop six days a week to discover, taste and be inspired. At GEPU businesses such as restaurants, brasseries, cafes, canteens, cafeterias and catering companies can find everything they need for their clients.

R-22 freezers Van Soest Coldstores

The concepts of 'reliability' and 'service' are a high priority at Van Soest Coldstores. Their priority is to ensure that all agreements with their customers are meticulously fulfilled. Punctual and with the full commitment of their entire team they use proven production methods and cutting-edge modern machinery.

The conversion of existing R-22 freezers to an ammonia system began in the autumn of 2015. They connected two freezers and a deep freeze cell to the system. The existing coolers were retained in this conversion. Further features of the ammonia system:

  • The installation is a fully equipped in a 42 ft. container.
  • The design is based on a total cooling capacity of 346 kW at -32° / + 40°C.
  • Full control of the system is realized by connecting it to the IVL system.

Van Soest Coldstores is a company that has grown into a reputable, very robust and highly reliable partner for all logistical solutions in the field of refrigerated and frozen storage. Van Soest Coldstores handles a wide range of raw materials to deep freezing end products. The company offers services concerning storage for the most common seasonal fruits and vegetables and also a wide variety of meat and fish products.

More information: www.vansoest-be.eu

Freight Company H.J. Goes & Zonen

New construction logistics center in De Meern, The Netherlands

  • Number of coolers: 65
  • Temperature: -1/7°C

Specifications of cold stores refrigeration installation:

  • 2 x 550 kW cooling appliance Bitzer at -12°C evaporation and condensation at 40°C. Per cooling appliance 2x compressor at 275 kW each: total of 1,100 kW.
  • 2 x buffer DK tank, cooling capacity 550kW per tank. Refrigerant R134A.

Specifications cooling passages:

  • 1 x cooling appliance Bitzer 165 kW at -1°C evaporation and condensation at 40°C.
  • 1 x Shell & Tube cooler with a capacity of 168kW. Refrigerant R134A. Cooling agent to cells: Thermera -15 ° C.

Fruitmasters Geldermalsen

Project: distribution center

Concerns an indirect cooling system with ammonia primary and secondary tempering.

Cooling Capacity: 2 x 802 kW at -12 / + 35°C

Peters Fruit Trade BV, Ingen

Project: Apple and pear storage

Phase 1:

  • Installed 17 CA cells for storing apples / pears.
  • Cooling installation: Ammonia circulation system, compressor unit consists of two piston compressors manufactured by Grasso.

Phase 2:

  • Installed 17 CA cells for storing apples / pears.
  • Cooling installation: Ammonia circulation system, compressor unit consists of two piston compressors manufactured by Grasso.

Berries Project, Betuwe

Project: repository related to CA storage of red berries

This project concerns a direct pump system on the basis of a synthetic refrigerant with defrosting on the basis of hot gas.